The Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 (TVPA, 2000) defines sex trafficking as the “recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for one of three purposes: labor or services, commercial sex act through the use of force, fraud, or coercion, and any commercial sex act if the person is under 18 years of age, regardless of coercion.”
Trafficking is the fastest growing industry and second largest criminal enterprise in the United States (US Department of Justice, 2010; Urban Institute, 2014)
244,000 – 325,000 children are at risk of being victimized by DMST in the U.S. every year (Estes & Weiner, 2001)
100,000 children are forced into the sex slavery industry annually (missingkids.com)
The average age of entry into the commercial sex market for children is between 12 and 14 years old (sharedhope.org)
1 in 6 reported endangered runaways are believed to be victims of child sex trafficking (missingkids.com)
Size of commercial sex economy in major U.S. cities ranges from an estimated $39 million – $290 million per year (Urban Institute, 2014)
Atlanta has been identified as one of the cities with the highest incidences of child sex trafficking (FBI, 2005; Urban Institute, 2014)
Between 200 – 400 adolescent girls are sold online per month (The Shapiro Group, 2010)
Approximately 65% of men who purchase sex with female children in Atlanta live in suburban areas outside the I-285 perimeter (The Shapiro Group, 2010)
Traffickers in Atlanta make an average of $33,000 per week (Urban Institute, 2014)
7,200 men purchase sex from a minor every month in Georgia accounting for 8,700 sex acts (The Shapiro Group, 2010)
91% of DMST victims in Georgia were enrolled in school at the time of their exploitation (Georgia Cares, 2016)
Sex trafficking is a form of modern day slavery!
The average age of a child who has been sexual exploited is 12.
Approximately 100 adolescent girls are exploited each night in Georgia.
Approximately 200 – 400 adolescent girls are sexually exploited each month in Georgia.
Adolescent girls, controlled by the child sex trafficking trade, are sexually exploited by an adult male on an average of 3 times per night. This number drastically increases if there is an event held in the city that draws large crowds. Victims have reported that they have been required to perform up to 10 or more sexual acts in one night.
In Georgia, approximately 7,200 men purchase sex with adolescent girls each month.
Atlanta was named by the FBI as 1 of 14 US cities with the highest rate of children being used in prostitution.
Traffickers sell underage girls for more money than older women. Traffickers usually charge anywhere from $200 to $400 per hour or more.
Boys and girls can be victims.
Within 48 hours of a child running away, he or she is more likely to be approached by a pimp or buyer to participate in prostitution or other commercial sex acts.
1 out of 4 girls, and 1 out of 6 boys will be sexually victimized by the time they reach the age of 18.
1 out of every 10 sexual abuse survivors will never tell.
Due to STDs, violence, drugs, and suicide, children who are victims of commercial sexual exploitation are considered “lucky” if they live beyond 7 years.
Homeless, runaway, and neglected youth engage in “survival sex” as a method of meeting basic survival needs such as food and shelter.
There are fewer than 100 beds nationally in programs that have been designed specifically for children who have been victimized by sex trafficking.
Labor and Sex Trafficking profit = $32 billion yearly. The sex trafficking accounts for $28 billion yearly.
$290 million = Atlanta (underground sex commercial sex economy)
$32,800 weekly = Weekly income of pimps
42% of buyers live north of I-285; 26% live inside the perimeter; 23% live south of I-285; 9% live near the Airport Area
46% of buyers go to the victim for a sexual act; 54% of victims go to the predator to perform a sexual act.
Warning Signs of Sexual Exploitation
History of emotional, sexual, or other physical abuse
Signs of physical abuse such as burn marks, bruises or cuts
Signs of current, inexplicable physical illness and/or sexually transmitted disease
History of running away or current status as a runaway, throwaway or castaway
Truancy or chronic absences from class
Overly tired in class
Withdrawn, depressed or distracted
In possession of large amounts of money or brags about making or having lots of money
Displays expense clothing, accessories, shoes or other gifts
New tattoo (Tattoos are often used by pimps as a way to brand victims. Tattoos of a name, symbol of money or barcode could indicate trafficking.)
Presence of older friends (male or female)
Talks about or invites students/friends to wild parties
Shows signs of gang affiliation (a preference for specific colors, display gang symbols)
Inappropriate dress (tight or sexually provocative clothing, weather inappropriate, etc.)
Development of delinquent behaviors or legal issues
Difficulty making or maintaining eye contact
Effects of Sexual Exploitation
No trust for law enforcement or any other government system or service
Problems in the family
Behaviors or Characteristics of Pimps/Traffickers
Jealous, controlling, abusive and violent
Usually older than female companions
Makes false commitments and promises things that seem too good to be true
Encourage victims to engage in illegal activities to achieve their goals and dreams
Buys expensive gifts or owns expensive items
Is vague about his/her profession
Pushy or demanding about sex
Encourages inappropriate sexual behavior
Makes the victim feel responsible for his/her financial stability. Does not assume responsibility.